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Prague is one of the most outstanding urban ensembles in Europe, and this is especially so with its historic center that dates back to the Middle Ages. Its economic, cultural, political and social influence on Central Europe cannot be gainsaid.

Historic Centre of Prague

From the 11th to 18th century the Old Town, the Lesser Town as well as the New Town of Prague were constructed to evangelize the European architectural mastery. You will find Gothic Cathedrals, High Gothic Castles, Renaissance theaters, Baroque Town Halls and neoclassical commercial buildings in the city lying next to one another.

Prague is one of the most outstanding urban ensembles in Europe, and this is especially so with its historic center that dates back to the Middle Ages. Its economic, cultural, political and social influence on Central Europe cannot be gainsaid. From the 14th century onwards, the city was at the pinnacle of the regional politics.

Role in Medieval Development

Prague role in the early Christian church of Central Europe is vital. As the town evolved into a small city, it attracted architects and artists of great talent. These people would go ahead and create cathedrals, town hall, and other buildings that would attract all kind of scholars. The 15th century Charles University further entrenched the role of Prague as a center of learning. World famous artists such as Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Franz Kafka groomed their talent from Prague

Components of the Historic City

The Historic City center comprises of three cities including the Old Town, Lesser Town and New Town. Major milestones in the city include the 9th century fortification of the city, 10th century settlement that made the town a Bohemian state, construction of the Romanesque Cathedral of St. Vitus in the 11th century, the construction of Premonastratesian monastery in the 12th century and Prague becoming a major cultural center from the mid-14th century.

Years after the Fire of 1541

The fire of 1541 left a total disaster on the left bank of Vltava. It destroyed all the wooden buildings. The restoration of the destroyed part took up the then predominant renaissance architectural style.  The 30 Years of war ended 1648 and this greatly led to the stat of decline of Prague until 1880 when many old buildings were demolished and in their stead new High Baroque buildings were built.

City Attractions

  • Castle
  • The Cathedral of St Vitus
  • Hradčany Square in front of the castle
  • The Valdštejn Palace on the left bank of the river
  • The Gothic Charles Bridge
  • The Romanesque Rotunda of the Holy Rood
  • The Gothic arcaded houses round the Old Town Square
  • The High Gothic Minorite Church of St James in the Stare Město
  • St Anne's Church in the Old Town district of Prague whose interior still retains a cycle of Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque murals, and its original Gothic roof timbering.

You will probably not exhaust the old monuments in Prague by just one visit – just choose the above most popular monuments and you should have a good time in the city.

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